Fiction reveals truths
that reality obscures
Jessamyn West 1903 - 84
American Quaker author
Many types of fiction give us great reading pleasure:
novels and short stories can be historic, westerns, science fiction, thrillers, romance, horror, etc. The following can provide a framework for discussing these in book clubs and for writing book reports.
Point of view:
test your knowlege
(narrator and character types)
An author creates a person to tell the story, and this person is the narrator.
The narrator delivers the point of view of the story.
Multiple narrators of the story can also present multiple points of view.
A first person narrator
uses the pronoun "I" to tell the story, and can be either a major or minor character.
It may be easier for a reader to relate to a story told in a first person account.
A subjective narrator is generally unreliable
because he/she is in the story,
and can only speak to his/her experience within it.
A second person narrator
uses the pronoun "you" and is not used very often since it makes the reader a participant in the story (and you, as reader, may be reluctant to be in the action!).
A third person narrator
uses the pronoun "he" or "she" and does not take part in the story.
An objective narrator is an observer
and describes or interprets thoughts, feelings, motivations, of the characters. Details such as setting, scenes, and what was said is stronger with an objective observer
(omniscient = all knowing) narrator has access to all
the actions and thoughts within fiction
A limited narrator has a restricted view of events,
and doesn't "know" the whole story
Character types in fiction
Characters are the people of a story, or the opposing forces.
A protagonist or hero/heroine is the central character of the story.
An antagonist is the counterpart to the protagonist
Tension between the protagonist and antagonist creates the story.
Speech, thoughts, actions, appearance, desires, and relationships reveal characters, and each undergoes development and/or change as the story unfolds.
Static characters are role players, and may not “develop.”
Environment consists of the time, place, and mood of a story.